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If you love capturing some very candid moments of life in the city, street photography should be your passion. However, aside from the focus on human subjects, the success of street photography and the ability to capture some striking images that tell a story to your viewers also depends on another element: Architecture. This includes structures like buildings, monuments, bridges, etc.
Such elements enhance the visual narrative of street photography by creating balance, contrast, perspective, etc., and also reveal some landscape aspects such as culture, identity, history, etc. In this article, we will explore the role of these elements in enhancing street photography and revealing the hidden aspects of urban landscapes.
Understanding Architectural Elements
These refer to an architectural structure’s parts that make up its style. They include things like space, form, light, material, texture, colour, etc., which affect the mood and atmosphere of a space. They also include the point, pane, line, and volume, which show how a structure goes from a single point to a 3D shape.
Architectural elements are vital to street photography because they increase the meaning of images and make them more interesting. They can also highlight the difference, symmetry, balance, mood, and perspective in images and reveal aspects of the city, such as its culture, identity, and social issues. If used well, you can employ these elements as a very useful tool to educate your viewers about a city and its people. Some examples of architectural elements that can be employed in street photography include shadows and silhouettes, environment, and details.
Incorporating Architectural Elements in Street Photography
One way to make your street photographs more captivating is by highlighting the architectural elements in your images, as these elements create your images more meaningful and more interesting to the viewer. There are many compositional techniques you can use to achieve this purpose. One such technique involves the use of lines, shapes, and perspectives.
Lines, the most basic element of formal analysis, can be used to create more complex shapes or lead the eyes of the viewer from one area in the composition to another. On the other hand, shapes, whether geometric, organic, simple, or complex, are a product of lines and are areas enclosed within the lines. At the same time, perspective refers to how a photographer shows depth or distance in a 2-dimensional image. Perspectives are either linear, atmospheric, or aerial.
Using lines, shapes, and perspectives helps you show the details and dimensions of architectural elements in your images. For example, diagonal lines or curves can create dynamic compositions, contrast, and movement. Also, linear perspectives can be used to show the horizon line, while atmospheric perspectives tend to show the effect of light and air on distant objects.
Another compositional technique involves the use of infrared photography. This uses a special filter or a converted camera to capture light that the human eyes cannot see and is best applied in outdoor scenes with vegetation. Some effects of infrared photography include making the plants appear white or pink and making the sky look dark and dreamy. This can uniquely impact your images, making them look dreamy and surreal.
Infra-red photography can highlight the architectural elements in your images by creating a contrast between them and the natural elements. For instance, making a building stand out against a white or pink vegetation background is a great way of highlighting the building and drawing the attention of your viewers.
The Role of Architectural Elements in Storytelling
Storytelling is a powerful tool photographers use to convey a message and mood in their photos. One way of achieving this is with the use of architectural elements. When employed rightly in pictures, these elements can create striking images that reveal the history and culture of a place and talk about the interaction between the people and their architectural surroundings.
The architecture of a place reflects the values, identity, and traditions of that place, as well as historical events and influences. For instance, the Eiffel Tower in Paris and the great wall of China are two great engineering structures that not just talk about the cultural and political history of France and China respectively but also showcase the industrial and artistic achievements of the place, as well as acting as a reminder for several historical moments in the timeline of the country.
Therefore, by photographing these elements, you have successfully managed to convey a story of several messages to the viewer with just a single click.
Additionally, architectural elements can capture the interaction between people and their architectural surroundings by showing how they interact with the built environment and how they use, modify, or transform it. One way of achieving this is by using distance to dictate how the viewer perceives the subject and the context.
Depending on what you want to achieve, you can either use close, medium, or long shots to emphasize the character of your subject and its story and relationship with the architectural space.
Techniques for Photographing Architectural Elements
Light and shadows are among the most important ways to capture architectural elements. These can help highlight the form and function of a building, as well as create contrast, depth, mood, and drama in your images.
Different characteristics of light, such as intensity, direction, quality, and color, can help you achieve different emotions and effects in your photos and emphasize certain features of the building, such as shape, texture, or pattern. For instance, the early morning and late evening suns produce warm light with soft tones, while side lighting can create strong shadows and backlighting to create silhouettes.
Found on various surfaces such as water, glass, metal, or mirrors, reflections can be used to create symmetry, contrast, or distortion in your images. Similarly, the texture of various materials such as brick, stone, wood, or concrete can be used to show the building’s quality, age, or style. Additionally, reflections and textures can add interest, variety, and complexity to your images and create surreal or abstract effects. The importance of distance in portrait photography cannot be overemphasised too.
Showcasing the Urban Landscape through Architectural Elements
The urban landscape reflects the social, cultural, environmental, and economic aspects of human civilization, and one way of showcasing this in your photography is by using architectural elements. Photographers can showcase urban landscapes using architectural elements by exploring architectural landmarks in street photography.
These landmarks, such as the Eiffel Tower, the Statue of Liberty, etc., are often widely recognized and admired for their design, history, or symbolism and often represent a city’s or nation’s essence or identity. Therefore, by capturing them, you can showcase the urban landscape in a captivating and memorable way using different angles, compositions, lighting, etc., to create different moods, atmospheres, contrast, symmetry, contexts, etc.
Also, you can highlight the character and identity of a place to showcase the urban landscape through architectural elements. Influenced by various factors such as history, culture, and geography, character and identity can be expressed by architectural elements through their form, function, style, and symbolism. Capturing these architectural elements that highlight the character and identity of a place, you can showcase the urban landscape diversely and authentically.
Tips for Photographers
Here are some tips to help you take some striking shots of architectural elements in your street photography:
- Look for iconic landmarks of a city or nation, such as the Eiffel Tower of Paris, and capture them from different angles, perspectives, or compositions to create symmetry, contrast, or drama.
- Look for reflections and textures on various surfaces and materials to add interest, variety, and complexity to your images.
- Look for light or shadows to create contrast, depth, drama, and mood, as well as highlight the form and function of the building.
- Look for people and context to create a sense of scale, movement, or narrative in your images.
In addition to these tips, having the right gear and skills is crucial to capturing the best architectural images. Some recommendations and technical considerations are:
- Use a wide-angle lens to capture more of the scene and create a sense of depth and perspective.
- Use a tripod to stabilize your camera and allow you to use slower shutter speeds for long exposures.
- Use manual mode to give you more control over camera settings to achieve the desired exposure and effect.
- Use RAW format to preserve more details and information in your images and give you more flexibility in post-processing.
Architectural elements are more than just buildings and structures. They are the expressions and reflections of a city’s history, culture, and identity. By photographing architectural elements in street photography, you can showcase the urban landscape in a captivating and memorable way. You can also explore and unveil the unique architectural beauty of the urban landscape surrounding us. This essay has inspired you to grab your camera, hit the streets, and discover the stories and secrets behind every architectural element.